Alcohol and cardiovascular disease

Moderate alcohol intake was, compared to no alcohol, associated with a 30% lower mortality from cardiovascular mortality.

Alcohol and cardiovascular disease

Smoking and cardiovascular disease

An analysis using data from Seven Countries Study showed that CHD mortality was 5% higher in men who smoked at least 10 cigarettes per day compared to those who never smoked.

Smoking and cardiovascular disease

Fish and cardiovascular disease

Eating fish once or twice a week was associated with a 50% lower 20-year fatal CHD risk compared to eating no fish.

Fish and cardiovascular disease

Fiber and coronary heart disease

The results showed that every additional 10 g/d of recent dietary fiber intake was associated with a significantly lower risk of fatal CHD.

Fiber and coronary heart disease

Flavonols and cardiovascular disease

In 1992 it was found for the first time that a high intake of flavonols was associated with a 68% lower 5-year fatal CHD risk. This result was confirmed using 10-year mortality data.

Flavonols and cardiovascular disease

ECG findings and coronary heart disease

Silent ECG findings related to CHD mortalitySilent ECG findings meeting specified criteria of the Minnesota Code were found at entry in half of the elderly men from Finland, the Netherlands and Italy. Major Q-waves, ST-T patterns, and arrhythmias were associated with a 3 times greater 10-year CHD mortality rate compared to those with absent or marginal findings. Lesser Q-waves, ST-T patterns, and frequent premature beats were [...]

ECG findings and coronary heart disease

Blood pressure and cardiovascular disease

In 1960 the highest levels of average blood pressure were observed in Eastern Finland and Northern Italy and the lowest in rural Serbia and Japan.

Blood pressure and cardiovascular disease