Related studies

From 1984, focus of investigations shifted to healthy ageing

With ageing of the research cohorts, the attention shifted to the determinants of ageing. Besides cardiovascular disease, information also was collected on aspects of health and on an extended set of lifestyle factors.

See the timeline for an overview of how these studies are associated with the Seven Countries Study:

Timeline Seven Countries Study

Study findings on healthy ageing

We’ve summarized the main results on diet, lifestyle, risk factors and indicators of healthy ageing. Read about the different aspects of health and all-cause mortality. Go directly to the study findings on healthy ageing


Read about half a century of scientific endeavor.

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Study design

Find out how the research team obtained its data.

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Learn about the countries and cohorts studied in the SCS.

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Meet the driving forces behind the conduct of the SCS.

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The three studies in the elderly

The FINE study

In the second phase, that started in 1984, the field surveys were extended with different aspects of health in the FINE (Finland Italy Netherlands Elderly) study. Similar surveys were also carried out in Serbia and Crete. Read more about the FINE study.

The HALE project

The HALE (Healthy Ageing: a Longitudinal study in Europe) project started in 2001 as an extension of three longitudinal studies: the 35-year follow-up data of the Seven Countries Study, the Finland, Italy, Netherlands Elderly (FINE) study and the Survey in Europe on Nutrition in the Elderly: a Concerted Action (SENECA) project. Read more about the HALE project.

The Zutphen Elderly Study

The Zutphen Elderly Study is an extension of the original Zutphen Study with a sample of the same age. The Zutphen Elderly Study was the only cohort of the FINE study and the HALE project in which detailed information on the diet of all the participants was collected four times between 1985 and 2000. Read more about the Zutphen (Elderly) Study.