From 1984, the focus of investigations shifted to healthy aging
With aging of the research cohorts, the attention shifted to the determinants of aging. Besides cardiovascular disease, information also was collected on aspects of health and on an extended set of lifestyle factors.
The three studies in the elderly
The FINE study
In the second phase, that started in 1984, the field surveys were extended with different aspects of health in the FINE (Finland Italy Netherlands Elderly) study. Similar surveys were also carried out in Serbia and Crete.
The HALE project
The HALE (Healthy aging: a Longitudinal study in Europe) project started in 2001 as an extension of three longitudinal studies: the 35-year follow-up data of the Seven Countries Study, the Finland, Italy, Netherlands Elderly (FINE) study and the Survey in Europe on Nutrition in the Elderly: a Concerted Action (SENECA) project.
The Zutphen Elderly Study
The Zutphen Elderly Study is an extension of the original Zutphen Study with a sample of the same age. The Zutphen Elderly Study was the only cohort of the FINE study and the HALE project in which detailed information on the diet of all the participants was collected four times between 1985 and 2000.
Study findings on healthy aging
We’ve summarized the main results on diet, lifestyle, risk factors and indicators of healthy aging. Read about the different aspects of health and all-cause mortality. Go directly to the study findings on healthy aging
See the timeline for an overview of how these studies are associated with the Seven Countries Study: