CHD risk factors

Risk factors are measurable personal characteristics that are associated with a disease or health condition. In the Seven Countries Study, they are mostly physiological measurements, and their values were related to the risk of coronary or cardiovascular disease.

Read about the various associations between risk factors and CVD by exploring the articles below:

Long QT interval and coronary heart disease

Long QT interval related to high risk of CHD mortality A long QT interval in the resting ECG was associated with a 4-fold 15-year CHD mortality [...]

Long QT interval and coronary heart disease

White Blood Cell count and coronary heart disease

High White Blood Cell count, high CHD mortality A high White Blood Cell (WBC) count is associated with a higher CHD mortality in the Zutphen Elderly [...]

White Blood Cell count and coronary heart disease

Body mass index and all-cause mortality

Underweight and overweight related to all-cause mortality In the European cohorts of the SCS middle-aged men with a body mass index (BMI) <18.5 kg/m2 had a 2-fold [...]

Body mass index and all-cause mortality

Global coronary risk in northern and southern Europe

Large differences in global CHD risk within Europe A re-analysis of the 10-year follow-up data of the SCS published in 2000 showed large differences between northern and southern [...]

Global coronary risk in northern and southern Europe

From individual risk factors to global cardiovascular risk

Individual risk factors and CHD prevention in the past In the 1960s and 70s, the Seven Countries Study and many other studies identified serum cholesterol, systolic blood [...]

From individual risk factors to global cardiovascular risk

Major risk factors and cardiovascular disease

High blood pressure and smoking were risk factors for three major CVDs while serum cholesterol predicted only CHD Blood pressure and cigarette smoking predicted overall cardiovascular disease [...]

Major risk factors and cardiovascular disease

Optimism and cardiovascular disease

High optimism low CVD mortality Optimism was a relatively stable trait over 15 years in the Zutphen Elderly Study. Elderly men with a high level of [...]

Optimism and cardiovascular disease

Depressive symptoms and cardiovascular disease

Depressive symptoms related to CVD mortality Elderly men from the FINE study cohorts of Finland, the Netherlands and Italy who manifested a number of depressive symptoms [...]

Depressive symptoms and cardiovascular disease