Diabetes

The combination of diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk factors is called cardiometabolic diseases. Diet, lifestyle and body fat are strong determinants of diabetes. Only in cohorts of Finland, The Netherlands and Italy were information collected on diet, lifestyle, body fat and diabetes at the individual level. The association of diet and lifestyle with body fat was also studied at the population level.

Main diabetes study findings

Glucose tolerance, diabetes at entry and all-cause mortality in elderly men

The relationship of glucose tolerance at entry with 5-year all-cause mortality was investigated in Finland in men aged 65-84. Impaired compared to normal glucose tolerance was not associated with all-cause mortality in the Finnish elderly cohort. However, the relative risk of all-cause mortality in 5 years was twice as high among men with diabetes compared to those with normal glucose tolerance at entry. The [...]

Glucose tolerance, diabetes at entry and all-cause mortality in elderly men

Physical activity, smoking, insulin, glucose tolerance and diabetes in non-diabetic Dutch men

In 1990 in the Zutphen Elderly Study habitual physical activity of leisure-time was assessed with a validated questionnaire. On average, the men spent 1.5 hours a day engaged in activities such as walking, bicycling, gardening and hobbies. In this cross-sectional survey, men in the highest quartile of weekly physical activity (>2.8 hours/day) had lower serum insulin levels compared with those who were less active. [...]

Physical activity, smoking, insulin, glucose tolerance and diabetes in non-diabetic Dutch men

Diet, insulin and glucose tolerance in non-diabetic men in The Netherlands

In 1990 a cross-sectional survey was carried out on diet in relation to insulin in the Zutphen Elderly Study. The individual association of dietary fiber intake was inversely associated with the area under  the insulin curve. In 1970 the Zutphen Study also carried out a cross-sectional analysis on individual diet and glucose tolerance. The intake of saturated fatty acids and dietary cholesterol was positively [...]

Diet, insulin and glucose tolerance in non-diabetic men in The Netherlands

Diets of diabetic and non-diabetic elderly men in Finland, The Netherlands, and Italy

Around 1990, the diets of non-diabetic men differed markedly among the three countries. Dutch and Finnish elderly diabetic men consumed less added sugar than non-diabetic men. In these diabetic men meat, milk, and cheese consumption were highest in The Netherlands and vegetables, fruit and berries highest in Italy. The saturated fat intake of the diabetic and non-diabetic Finnish and Dutch men was more than [...]

Diets of diabetic and non-diabetic elderly men in Finland, The Netherlands, and Italy

Body fat, glucose tolerance and diabetes incidence in non-diabetic elderly men

In 1970, the Dutch cohort of middle-aged men received a fasting oral glucose tolerance test with a glucose load of 50 grams and blood taken after 30, 60 and 120 min. The cross-sectional analysis showed that the subscapular skinfold thickness was independently related to fasting, 60 and 120 min glucose levels and to the area under the glucose curve but not significantly related to [...]

Body fat, glucose tolerance and diabetes incidence in non-diabetic elderly men