Nutrients

A selection of study findings on nutrients in the Seven Countries Study.

Physical activity, dietary fiber and body fat

A cross-sectional analysis on survey data collected in 16 cohorts of middle-aged men in the 1960s showed that the average population index of occupational physical activity was strongly inversely related (R= -0.91) to the average population subscapular skinfold thickness, an indicator of total body fat. Average dietary fiber intake was also inversely associated ecologically, but weaker (R = -0.51), with average subscapular skinfold. Average [...]

Physical activity, dietary fiber and body fat

Average starch intake and 50-year coronary heart disease mortality rates in 16 cohorts

In the 1960s, foods were prepared at home and had more fiber than ultra-processed foods produced nowadays. The average intake of starch was correlated (R=0.74) with the average consumption of bread, cereals, legumes and potatoes. The average intake of starch varied from 10 % of energy in the US to more than 50 % of energy in Japan. The average  intake of starch was [...]

Average starch intake and 50-year coronary heart disease mortality rates in 16 cohorts

Average sucrose intake and 50-year coronary heart disease mortality rates in 16 cohorts

Dietary sugars consist of mono-and disaccharides and can be divided into naturally occurring sugars present in fruit (glucose and fructose), milk (lactose and galactose), grains (bread and pasta) (maltose) and added sugar (sucrose). In the 1960s traditional Western diets were high in sucrose, while the traditional Mediterranean and Japanese diets were low. The average intake of sucrose was related to 50-year CHD mortality rates [...]

Average sucrose intake and 50-year coronary heart disease mortality rates in 16 cohorts

Flavan-3-ols (catechins) and cardiovascular disease

Flavan-3-ol intake related to CHD but not to stroke An average intake of monomeric flavan-3-ols of 124 mg/d, compared to an average intake of 25 mg/d, was associated with a 51% lower 10-year CHD mortality in the Zutphen Elderly Study. Tea is a rich source of both flavan-3-ols and flavonols. Therefore we analyzed also the intake of tea, flavan-3-ols not from tea and flavonols [...]

Flavan-3-ols (catechins) and cardiovascular disease

Nutrient intake and depressive symptoms

The results suggest that in contrast to the intake of B-vitamins, a high intake of the fish fatty acids EPA-DHA was associated with a low risk of depressive symptoms.

Nutrient intake and depressive symptoms

Trans fat and coronary heart disease

The decrease in trans fat intake during the following period has been the most important change in the Dutch diet.

Trans fat and coronary heart disease

Fiber and coronary heart disease

The results showed that every additional 10 g/d of recent dietary fiber intake was associated with a significantly lower risk of fatal CHD.

Fiber and coronary heart disease

Flavonols and cardiovascular disease

In 1992 it was found for the first time that a high intake of flavonols was associated with a 68% lower 5-year fatal CHD risk. This result was confirmed using 10-year mortality data.

Flavonols and cardiovascular disease