The Seven Countries Study was supported by grants to Ancel Keys and Principal Investigators and by locally obtained grants in each country. During the first 10 years of the study, the main support was in grants from the U.S. Public Health Service, the U.S. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute and the American Heart Association. A grant from the American National Institute of Aging to Aulikki Nissinen in the 1990s was instrumental in starting the FINE study. A grant from the European Union to Daan Kromhout in 2001 established the HALE project. Support for individual cohort studies came from the following sources:


  • National Heart Institute (later NHLBI)
  • American Heart Association


  • Finnish Heart Association
  • Finnish State Science Board
  • Sigrid Juselius Fund
  • Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation


  • Netherlands Prevention Foundation (Preventiefonds)
  • National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM)
  • Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW)
  • Ministry of Public Health
  • Nutrition Council
  • Organisation for Food and Nutrition Research (TNO)
  • Netherlands Heart Foundation
  • Netherlands Cancer Foundation


  • Association for Cardiac Research, Rome
  • Centre of Cardiovascular Disease, Rome
  • City of Naples
  • National Institute of Public Health (ISS)
  • National Research Council (CNR)


  •  Institute for Public Health


  •  Ministry of Health


  • Royal Institute for Research
  • Elais Oil Company


  • Ministry of Education
  • Chiyoda Mutual Life Subsidiary Fund