Functional status and disability

Disabilities differ among countries

Elderly men from Italy and The Netherlands had approximately 50% more self-reported disabilities than those from Finland. The performance-based limitation score was highest in Italy and lowest in The Netherlands. The number of self-reported disabilities was positively related to the performance-based limitations score and that relation did not differ among countries.

Self-reported disability score relates to performance-based limitation score

Cross-sectional analysis showed that the mean self-reported disability score had a graded relation to the performance-based limitation score in the FINE study. This was confirmed in prospective data analysis carried out in the Zutphen Elderly Study.

About the FINE study

In 1984, the SCS field surveys were extended with different aspects of health in the FINE (Finland Italy Netherlands Elderly) study. Similar surveys were also carried out in Serbia and Crete. Read more about the FINE study.

More about healthy aging

From 1984 onwards, additional studies started to examine indicators of healthy ageing in the elderly populations of in the SCS and related studies.


Disability and depressive symptoms

In elderly men from Finland, Italy and the Nethelands in the FINE Study, self-reported information on disability and depressive symptoms was collected in 1990 and 1995.

Lifestyle, diet and optimism

A healthy diet, especially eating more fruit, vegetables, and whole grain bread was related to a higher level of optimism.