Healthy aging

Focusing on the elderly from 1984 onwards

Because the cohorts of the Seven Countries Study and the general population were growing older, a decision was made to follow the increasingly older cohorts to study aging in the elderly – and its associations with various factors including diet and lifestyle. The small cohort of survivors in Zutphen was supplemented with a new community sample of the same age. Thus, new studies were started in the elderly with a focus not only on the determinants of cardiovascular disease but also of healthy aging.The FINE study and the HALE project assessed what healthy aging actually entailed and studied in particular the influence of diet, lifestyle and risk factors on different aspects of health.

The three studies in the elderly

The FINE study

Additional field surveys were made among the elderly in Finland, the Netherlands and rural Italy and in Serbia and Crete. This formed the Finland, Italy, Netherlands Elderly study (FINE).

Read more about the FINE study.

The HALE project

The HALE project (Healthy aging: a Longitudinal study in Europe) started in 2001 with the aim to analyze the 35-year follow-up data of the Seven Countries Study and the 10-year follow-up data of the FINE study, and the Survey Europe on Nutrition in the Elderly: a Concerted Action study (SENECA).

Read more about the HALE project

The Zutphen Elderly Study

The Zutphen Elderly Study is an extension of the original Zutphen Study with a sample of the same age. The Zutphen Elderly Study was the only cohort of the FINE study and the HALE project in which detailed information on the diet of all the participants was collected four times between 1985 and 2000.

Read more about the dietary data collected in Zutphen.

Main healthy aging topics

All-cause mortality

Here we present the results of predictors of CVD outcomes in relation to all-cause mortality, a proxy variable for life expectancy.

Mental health

In the elderly, a decline in mental health may have severe consequences of quality of life. We describe here predictors of mental health.

Functional status

Physical activity and other lifestyle choices may influence the physical functioning of the body.