Hand-grip strength and disability

Hand-grip strength related to lower disability

Hand-grip strength at baseline was inversely related to 4-year disability in rural elderly men in Italy. Of the men with a hand-grip strength rated “good”, 26% became disabled versus 48% who were graded “poor”. This inverse relationship of grip strength to risk of disability remained after multivariable analysis.


This small study among one SCS cohort shows that hand-grip strength in older men, a simple measure of muscular strength, provides information about the risk of future disability. Though hand-grip strength is influenced by several disorders, multivariable analysis showed that its prognostic value is independent of joint disorders, diabetes and cognitive function.

More about healthy aging

From 1984 onwards, additional studies started to examine indicators of healthy ageing in the elderly populations of in the SCS and related studies.

Disability and depressive symptoms

In elderly men from Finland, Italy and the Nethelands in the FINE Study, self-reported information on disability and depressive symptoms was collected in 1990 and 1995.

Measuring functional status

Functional status was measured with a self-administered 13-item WHO-questionnaire on activities of daily living.