Fatty acids

A selection of study findings on fatty acids in the Seven Countries Study.

Diets of diabetic and non-diabetic elderly men in Finland, The Netherlands, and Italy

Around 1990, the diets of non-diabetic men differed markedly among the three countries. Dutch and Finnish elderly diabetic men consumed less added sugar than non-diabetic men. In these diabetic men meat, milk, and cheese consumption were highest in The Netherlands and vegetables, fruit and berries highest in Italy. The saturated fat intake of the diabetic and non-diabetic Finnish and Dutch men was more than [...]

Diets of diabetic and non-diabetic elderly men in Finland, The Netherlands, and Italy

Average intake of fatty acids, food groups and 50-year all-cause mortality rates in 16 cohorts

In the 1960s the average population intake of saturated (S), and trans fats (T) and hard fats (butter, lard, and hard margarine) was high in northern Europe while monounsaturated (M), polyunsaturated (P) fatty acids, and vegetable oils (mostly olive oil) were high in Mediterranean areas and total fat was low in Japan. The all-cause mortality rate was lowest in rural Crete and highest in [...]

Average intake of fatty acids, food groups and 50-year all-cause mortality rates in 16 cohorts

Average saturated fat intake and 50-year coronary heart disease mortality rates in 16 cohorts

In the 1960s there was a 6-fold difference in average population intake of saturated fatty acids: from Japan (3% of energy) to East Finland (22% of energy). The 50-year data confirm and extend the 25-year data. Average cohort intake of saturated fatty acids was strongly positively associated with 50-year CHD mortality rates (R = 0.92). (See figure) The sum of saturated and trans fatty [...]

Average saturated fat intake and 50-year coronary heart disease mortality rates in 16 cohorts

Average saturated fat intake and 25-year coronary heart disease rates in the 16 cohorts

The average population intake of saturated fat varied between 3% of energy in Japan and 22% of energy in Eastern Finland in the 1960s. There was also a 6-fold range in 25-year CHD mortality rates among the 16 cohorts. The average saturated fat intake at baseline was strongly correlated with 25-year CHD mortality rates. The higher the saturated fat intake, the higher the CHD [...]

Average saturated fat intake and 25-year coronary heart disease rates in the 16 cohorts

Nutrient intake and depressive symptoms

The results suggest that in contrast to the intake of B-vitamins, a high intake of the fish fatty acids EPA-DHA was associated with a low risk of depressive symptoms.

Nutrient intake and depressive symptoms

Fish, omega-3 fatty acids and cognitive decline

An analysis of the 1990 fish consumption data and the data on cognitive function collected showed that fish consumers had significantly less cognitive decline than non-consumers.

Fish, omega-3 fatty acids and cognitive decline

Trans fat and coronary heart disease

The decrease in trans fat intake during the following period has been the most important change in the Dutch diet.

Trans fat and coronary heart disease